The Ghetto Men Book Exerpt
SS-Untersturmführer Herbert Schwarzenbacher served as the battalion commander for the detachment of Ukrainians known as the “Trawniki Men” who deployed from Trawniki to help quash the Ghetto Uprising. He was born 3 January 1909 in Munich. He joined the SS on 15 November 1932 with SS number 171669. Schwarzenbacher also entered the Nazi Party on 1 May 1933 with Party number 1930269. As an enlisted man, he was assigned to the SS and Police Leader in Lublin and served as a company commander at Trawniki in 1941. He was promoted to SS-Untersturmführer on 31 January 1942 and assumed command of the 1st Guard Battalion at the camp. He deployed the unit to Warsaw on 19 April 1943 and remained there until 19 June 1943. That summer he appears to have served as the commandant of the SS Labor Camp Poniatowa as well. On 9 November 1943, Schwarzenbacher received an Iron Cross 1st Class for his overall performance in “Operation Reinhard.” Following his service in the General Government, Schwarzenbacher transferred with Odilo Globocnik to the Higher SS and Police Leader Adriatic Coast. He was promoted to SS-Obersturmführer on 30 January 1944. Again, he served as a guard battalion commander. Schwarzenbacher was killed in action by partisans on 2 June 1944. At 2000 hours that day, his vehicle was ambushed on the road from Senosecchia and Storje, near Trieste. The casualty report in his personnel file states he was wounded in both legs and shot several times in the head, a classic case of partisans “finishing off” a wounded target.